Concrete stairs are a very practical and convenient solution. You can walk on them with heavy materials without worrying about damaging them. To give them a unique and elegant character, it’s worth putting wooden steps on them.
Concrete stairs are a very practical solution, unfortunately it is not aesthetic. That’s why more and more people decide to have wooden treads and stringers.
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The material for stairs and floors should be selected already at the stage of designing the house. Thanks to that after finishing the floors stairs will be the same height. Before the stairs are finished, the first and the last step must have a different height than the rest. The height of the first step will be increased by the thickness of the material layers on the floor of the first floor. The last step should be lower by the height of the floor on the first floor.
If the decision on the choice of materials for the floors is left for later, most often the treads should be forged and overlaid.
Leaving and climbing the stairs, the foot is most often put in the same place – then a trace in the form of a trampled step can remain. That is why it is recommended that the material for the tread is resistant to damage.
Risers and treads are usually made of hardwoods:
The choice of wood for stair treads depends on individual needs and financial possibilities. The hardest domestic species of wood are oak and maple, but they are one of the more expensive materials. If the stairs will be used in an average way, it’s worth deciding on steps made of beech or ash, which are much cheaper.
Wooden treads are from 3 to 3.5 cm thick. The treads are thinner, from 1.5 to 2 cm thick. In modern arrangements, the sub-footers and the treads have the same thickness.
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Wood absorbs moisture, so you should choose only seasoned species for stairs. Wooden treads are attached to concrete steps with dowels that are plugged from the top. Special dowels for stairs can also be used – they do not need to be blinded.
Risers and treads are connected by the tongue-and-groove method or inserted into milled grooves in the tread.
Wooden stairs are usually finished with hard varnish which is selected according to the species of wood. Oiling will only work for domestic species of wood. It is not recommended to oil, pine, fir and spruce, because only varnish will increase the durability in use of this wood.